What does VAP test for?
Abstract. Vertical auto profile (VAP) method is a direct single test for measuring comprehensive lipoprotein cholesterol profile. It is based on a well-established method of ultracentrifugation that uses vertical rotor and single density gradient spin.
What is normal range of lipid profile?
Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL. Borderline high: 150 to 199 mg/dL. High: 200 to 499 mg/dL. Very high: Above 500 mg/dL.
What is LDL C and LDL-P?
Traditional lipid testing measures the amount of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) present in the blood, but it does not evaluate the number of LDL particles (LDL-P). LDL-P is often used to get a more accurate measure of LDL due to the variability of cholesterol content within a given LDL.
What is a good small LDL particle number?
Ideally, LDL cholesterol levels should be less than 100 mg/dl. Doctors may not express concern about levels of 100–129 mg/dl for people with no health issues, but they may suggest treatment at this stage for people with heart disease or its risk factors.
What is normal range for LDL particles?
What are the 2 types of LDL?
LDL consists of several subclasses of particles with different sizes and densities, including large buoyant (lb) and intermediate and small dense (sd) LDLs.
What is the normal level of TC and TG?
What do the results mean?
|Category||Triglcyeride levels in adults|
|Normal (desirable)||less than 150mg/dL|
|Borderline high||150 to 199 mg/dL|
|High||200 to 499 mg/dL|
|Very high||500 mg/dL and higher|
What is HDL P?
In addition, HDL particle concentration (HDL-P), which measures the total number of particles into which HDL cholesterol is packaged, is another predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD). In fact, its inverse relationship with CHD is strong enough that it may one day replace total HDL-C as a CHD predictor.
What is VLDL test?
VLDL is one of the three main types of lipoproteins. VLDL contains the highest amount of triglycerides. VLDL is a type of “bad cholesterol” because it helps cholesterol build up on the walls of arteries. A lab test is used to measure the amount of VLDL in your blood.
What is HDL C and HDL P?
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration (HDL-C) is an established atheroprotective marker, in particular for coronary artery disease; however, HDL particle concentration (HDL-P) may better predict risk.
What is HDL-P and HDL C?
How accurate is the VAP blood test?
The VAP blood test helps to fill in the 60% gap of accuracy that the standard lipid panels are not able to catch. Many cholesterol tests are also based on a reactionary response to a crisis situation.
What does the VAP test measure?
The VAP test assesses levels of all the blood lipids measured in a standard lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides), plus subclasses of lipids that are known or emerging risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as LDL particle size and lipoprotein (a).
Is it normal to have normal lipid panel results but positive VAP?
It is not uncommon for someone to have normal results from a standardized lipid panel and then test positive on the VAP blood test. There will be positive or negative results in terms of looking at the structure of the cholesterol and its subtypes.
When should young adults take a VAP test?
Since the National Cholesterol Education Program recommends people begin regular cholesterol testing at age 20, young adults can take a VAP test to learn about their cardiovascular disease risk early in life. This will allow them to take aggressive steps now—including diet and exercise—to maintain a healthy heart for life.