What is hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis?
There are two kinds of dialysis. In hemodialysis, blood is pumped out of your body to an artificial kidney machine, and returned to your body by tubes that connect you to the machine. In peritoneal dialysis, the inside lining of your own belly acts as a natural filter.
What does peritoneal dialysis mean in English?
Peritoneal dialysis (per-ih-toe-NEE-ul die-AL-uh-sis) is a way to remove waste products from your blood when your kidneys can’t adequately do the job any longer. This procedure filters the blood in a different way than does the more common blood-filtering procedure called hemodialysis.
How long can a person live on hemodialysis?
Average life expectancy on dialysis is 5-10 years, however, many patients have lived well on dialysis for 20 or even 30 years. Talk to your healthcare team about how to take care of yourself and stay healthy on dialysis.
How long can you live with peritoneal dialysis?
Mortality rates have fallen over the past several years, but long-term survival remains poor, with only 11% of peritoneal dialysis patients surviving past 10 years. Cardiovascular disease accounts for most deaths, and dialysis patients have many traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors.
How long can a patient live on peritoneal dialysis?
Median survival time was 20.4 months in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis versus 36.7 months in the hemodialysis group. At every age, patients with ESRD on dialysis have significantly increased mortality when compared with nondialysis patients and individuals without kidney disease.
When is hemodialysis used?
When is dialysis needed? You need dialysis if your kidneys no longer remove enough wastes and fluid from your blood to keep you healthy. This usually happens when you have only 10 to 15 percent of your kidney function left. You may have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, swelling and fatigue.
Can you live a normal life on dialysis?
Many patients live normal lives except for the time needed for treatments. Dialysis usually makes you feel better because it helps many of the problems caused by kidney failure. You and your family will need time to get used to dialysis.
Is peritoneal dialysis safe?
PD is very safe and it can be done at home without a partner. There are no needles or blood needed for the treatments, and many people receive their treatments while they are sleeping at night. Bags of sterile fluid, called dialysate, fill the abdomen through a small flexible tube called a PD catheter.
What causes death in dialysis patients?
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in dialysis patients and sudden death (SD) represents a significant proportion of overall mortality in both hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.
Who needs hemodialysis?
You need dialysis if your kidneys no longer remove enough wastes and fluid from your blood to keep you healthy. This usually happens when you have only 10 to 15 percent of your kidney function left. You may have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, swelling and fatigue.
What is the difference between a hemodialysis and a diálisis peritoneal?
La hemodiálisis usa una máquina. A veces es llamada riñón artificial. Usted debe ir en forma frecuente a una clínica especial para recibir el tratamiento varias veces a la semana La diálisis peritoneal usa la membrana que recubre el abdomen, llamada membrana peritoneal, para filtrar la sangre
What is automated peritoneal dialysis?
Automated peritoneal dialysis is also known as continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). This type of dialysis uses a machine that cycles through multiple exchanges at night while you sleep.
How does hemodialysis work?
The waste products in the blood pass through the membrane and are washed away using a fluid called dialysate. The waste products are discarded and the cleansed blood is then returned to the body. Patients getting hemodialysis usually need treatments three times a week. Each treatment takes around four hours.
What is continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)?
With continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), the abdomen is filled with dialysate. The patient lets it stay in the abdomen for a prescribed dwell time before draining the fluid. Gravity moves the fluid through the catheter without machine assistance.