What kind of architecture is the Hagia Sophia?
Architects Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus built it in a span of six years. Hagia Sophia combines a longitudinal basilica and a centralised building in a unique Byzantine way—with a huge 32-metre main dome supported on pendentives (triangular segment of a spherical surface) and two semi-domes.
What architectural feature makes the church of Hagia Sophia most recognizable?
The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom,” is a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D. It contains two floors centered on a giant nave that has a great dome ceiling, along with smaller domes, towering above.
Is Hagia Sophia a Gothic architecture?
Hagia Sophia may not have the spiraling towersof gothic cathedrals, but it’s amazing geometry and history give Hagia Sophia apowerful place in the world of architecture.
What are the design features of Hagia Sophia?
The Hagia Sophia dome is a stunning architectural structure in and of itself. The massive dome is approximately 105 feet in diameter and sits atop four supporting piers which rise from the floor to form triangular pendentives at the top creating four arched pathways beneath the dome.
What architectural feature makes the dome of the Hagia Sophia possible?
The Hagia Sophia dome is supported by four pendentives that were built at each corner of the square base of the cathedral. The use of pendentives by Isidore marked the first large-scale incorporation of this constructive element, which became distinctive of Byzantine architecture.
What two 2 architectural elements were added to the Hagia Sophia years after it was built?
Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan added structural supports to the building (including buttresses) and built two additional minarets, a sultan’s lodge, and a mausoleum for Selim II.
Which of the following two architectural forms best describes the plan of Hagia Sophia?
Two architectural forms that best describe the plan of Hagia Sophia are basilica plan with a central plan on an vast scale. Two architectural forms that best describe the plan of Hagia Sophia are palace plan with a octogonal plan on an vast scale.
What architectural features support the dome of Hagia Sophia?
The dome is supported by four pendentives, one of the first large-scale uses of pendentives. The Hagia Sophia is the second-largest pendentive dome in the world, after St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. There are two semi-domes on either side, one at the altar and the other at the main entrance.
What is a key architectural feature of the Hagia Sophia quizlet?
* In order to create the largest interior space possible, they designed an enormous dome and supported it using a revolutionary construction method called pendentives.
What elements of the architecture are classical legacies Hagia Sophia?
The Hagia Sophia’s Design It combined the traditional design elements of an Orthodox basilica with a large, domed roof, and a semi-domed altar with two narthex (or “porches”). The dome’s supporting arches were covered with mosaics of six winged angels called hexapterygon.
What types of buildings were Byzantine architects building?
Byzantine architects were eclectic, at first drawing heavily on Roman temple features. Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length.
What are the three types of neoclassical architecture?
Types of Neoclassical Architecture There are three main variations of Neoclassical architecture: Classic block, Temple, and Palladian. Classic block buildings have either a square or rectangular footprint, a flat roof, and classically decorative exteriors that are rich with detail.
Why did they build Hagia Sophia?
Why was the Hagia Sophia so important to Justinian? The Hagia Sophia has a long and complex political, cultural, and religious story. Originally built as a way for Emperor Justinian to centralize political and religious power, the magnificent cathedral did just that. The Hagia Sophia also changed hands from one faith to another.
Who built the Hagia Sofia?
Who built Hagia Sophia? Emperor Justinian contracted Anthemius of Tralles and Isidore of Miletus to design and build Hagia Sophia. Both men are described in numerous resources as mathematicians, architects, engineers, geometers, and universal men.
What was the purpose of Hagia Sophia?
– Hagia Sophia is a Greek name meaning “divine wisdom.” – Today, the Hagia Sophia is the fourth largest cathedral in the world. – In 1935, Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum, and it is now one of Turkey’s two most popular museums.
What was the Hagia Sophia originally?
Hagia Sophia,Istanbul,532-37 (architects: Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles)