What translation means?
Translation Translation, as related to genomics, is the process through which information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the addition of amino acids during protein synthesis.
What is translated in translation biology?
In molecular biology and genetics, translation is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or endoplasmic reticulum synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA in the cell’s nucleus.
What is translational science process?
Translation is the process of turning observations in the laboratory, clinic, and community into interventions that improve the health of individuals and the public — from diagnostics and therapeutics to medical procedures and behavioral changes.
What is translation and transcription in science?
The process by which DNA is copied to RNA is called transcription, and that by which RNA is used to produce proteins is called translation.
What is translation in chemistry?
Translation is the process of converting the information housed in mRNA into the protein sequence. Essentially, you are translating the language of nucleotides into the language of amino acids.
What is translation in biology notes?
Translation is the process by which the genetic code contained within a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. It occurs in the cytoplasm following DNA transcription and, like transcription, has three stages: initiation, elongation and termination.
What is translation in biochemistry?
Translation is a process that involves the synthesis of an amino acid chain from an mRNA blueprint. These polypeptide chains fold into functional proteins.
What is translation in biology GCSE?
Translation. The mRNA leaves the nucleus and goes to the ribosomes. Carrier molecules bring specific amino acids to add to the growing protein in the correct order.
What is translational research biology?
Translational research seeks to produce more meaningful, applicable results that directly benefit human health. The goal of translational research is to translate (move) basic science discoveries more quickly and efficiently into practice.
What is translation of DNA?
Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds. It is essentially a translation from one code (nucleotide sequence) to another code (amino acid sequence).
What is transcription vs translation?
Translation. Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.
What is translation in biology Byjus?
In Molecular Biology, the term translation can be defined as the process of converting nucleic acid information into amino acids. It also relates to the process of producing proteins from mRNA templates.
What is translation in biology class 11?
Translation refers to the process of polymerization of amino acids to form a polypeptide. The order and sequence of amino acids are defined by the sequence of bases in the mRNA and the amino acids are joined by a bond which is known as a peptide bond.
What is translation in biology a level?
Translation is the process of making proteins by forming a specific sequence of amino acids based on coded instructions in mRNA. RNA polymerase catalyses phosphodiester bonds between adjacent RNA nucleotides and the mRNA strand detaches, allowing the DNA helix to reform.
What is translation in biology BBC?
What is the meaning of translation in chemistry?
What does translational mean in physics?
Translational motion is the motion by which a body shifts from one point in space to another. One example of translational motion is the the motion of a bullet fired from a gun. An object has a rectilinear motion when it moves along a straight line.
Why is translation important in science?
Translational science is introduced as a bridge between the scientific and the clinical fields; it gives evidence based research a backbone by connecting the dots of clinical research.
Where is translation in DNA?
Where Translation Occurs. Within all cells, the translation machinery resides within a specialized organelle called the ribosome. In eukaryotes, mature mRNA molecules must leave the nucleus and travel to the cytoplasm, where the ribosomes are located.
What is meant by translation in science?
Translation Definition. The translation is the process of protein synthesis where the information on RNA is expressed in the form of polypeptide chains. It is the second and last step of gene expression where the information encoded on the mRNA sequence results in an amino acid sequence.
What is the definition of translation in science?
translation. trans·la·tion. (trăns-lā′shən) The process in a cell by which a strand of messenger RNA directs the assembly of a sequence of amino acids to make a protein. Translation takes place in the ribosomes, the places in the cell where proteins are made.
What is the scientific definition of translation?
Translation Definition. Translation refers to the process of creating proteins from an mRNA template. The sequence of nucleotides on the RNA is translated into the amino acid sequence of proteins and this reaction is carried out by ribosomes. Ribosomes and tRNA dock on a mature mRNA transcript and recruit multiple enzymes in an energy intensive
What is the first step in translation?
Translation is generally divided into three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination . In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes the first step of the initiation stage is the binding of a specific initiator methionyl tRNA and the mRNA to the small ribosomal subunit.