Where is Ocimum Tenuiflorum found?
the Indian subcontinent
Ocimum tenuiflorum, commonly known as holy basil, tulsi or tulasi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics.
Where is Ocimum basilicum native to?
basil, (Ocimum basilicum), also called sweet basil, annual herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown for its aromatic leaves. Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb.
What is the difference between Ocimum sanctum and Ocimum basilicum?
Holy basil (Ocimum sanctum or Ocimum tenuiflorum) is a perennial species grown for ornamental and therapeutic uses that thrives outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11. Ocimum basilicum, often called sweet basil, grows as an annual outdoors or in containers year-round indoors.
What is Ocimum Gratissimum used for?
In traditional medicine, the leaves have been used as a general tonic and anti-diarrhea agent and for the treatment of conjunctivitis by instilling directly into the eyes; the leaf oil when mixed with alcohol is applied as a lotion for skin infections, and taken internally for bronchitis.
What is the habitat of Ocimum sanctum?
It grows naturally in moist soil all over the globe. This plant is also grown as a pot herb and in home gardens. Tulsi is cultivated in semi urban areas and the fresh herbage is sold to the temples and worship centres. The major source of tulsi is from wild habitat including uncultivated field and roadside.
What is the common name of Ocimum tenuiflorum?
Syn Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (family Labiatae) (Figure 21.1), commonly known as the ‘holy basil’ in English and Tulsi in almost all Indian languages, is a herb primarily native to the tropical and subtropical Asia and is today cultivated and naturalized in other tropical areas.
What is the natural habitat of basil?
Basil is native to tropical regions from Central Africa to Southeast Asia. In temperate climates basil is treated as an annual plant, however, basil can be grown as a short-lived perennial or biennial in warmer horticultural zones with tropical or Mediterranean climates.
How do you grow Ocimum basilicum?
Sow Ocimum basilicum seed indoors in a greenhouse or on a warm windowsill, and move plants outside in summer. Water plants sparingly, ideally before noon so the roots have time to dry out before temperatures decrease in the evening.
Is Ocimum basilicum the same as holy basil?
Although the names may sound similar, the origin of these plants are different. The biological nomenclature of Holy Basil is Ocimum Tenuiflorum whereas the scientific name for Basil is Ocimum Basilicum. However, both Basil variants belong to the same Lamiaceae family.
What is the English name of Ocimum Gratissimum?
Ocimum gratissimum, also known as clove basil, African basil, and in Hawaii as wild basil, is a species of Ocimum.
Is Ocimum Gratissimum edible?
Different parts including the leaves, stems, flowers, roots, seeds, and even the whole plant are useful. The seeds are edible, and when soaked in water become mucilaginous. The leaves can be eaten as a salad. Basil is widely used in traditional medicine.
What is habitat of Tulsi?
In which climate does Tulsi grow?
The Tulsi plant has to be placed close to a window that is warm and sunny. Your Tulsi plant will require almost 6 to 8 hours of sunlight during the day and the temperature should be at a minimum of 21°C, The pot has to be set up in a spot where it would be able to receive a large quantity of sunlight.
How do you grow Ocimum tenuiflorum?
Use a light, well-draining soil that is enriched with organic material, although holy basil will tolerate poor soil fairly well. Your plant will also tolerate some shade, so full sun is not necessary. Keep it watered but not soggy and harvest leaves as needed, just as you would with an ordinary sweet basil plant.
In which region and climate does basil grow?
It is a tender low-growing herb that is grown as a perennial in warm, tropical climates. Basil is originally native to India and other tropical regions of Asia. It has been cultivated there for more than 5,000 years. It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world.
What is difference between basil and Tulsi?
Both tulsi and basil belong to the Lamiaceae family. The edible basil leaves are mainly used for culinary dishes whereas tulsi is mainly used as an indigenous medicinal ingredient. This is the main difference between tulsi and basil.
How do you care for an Ocimum basilicum?
Basil likes to stay moist and requires approximately 1 inch of water every week. Water deeply at least once a week to keep roots growing deep and the soil moist. Basil growing in containers will need more frequent watering. Your goal when growing basil in a container is to keep the soil from drying out.
Can you eat Ocimum basilicum?
There are many different types of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum) – large and dwarf forms, with green, purple, or variegated leaves. Many of these widely grown plants are ornamental, as well as edible. Italian cooks love this easy-to-grow herb and use it generously in their sauces.
What is a benthic fish?
Benthic refers to fishes and invertebrates that actually live at the seafloor – above it, on it or in it. They can be small, slender jawfishes and shrimp gobies that live in burrows in the sediment, pancake-flat flounders that patrol the seafloor, blue and brown chromis that station themselves above the corals.
What is Ocimum centraliafricanum?
O. centraliafricanum is valued as an indicator species for the presence of copper deposits. Ocimum americanum L. (tropical Africa ), Indian Subcontinent, China, Southeast Asia; naturalized in Queensland, Christmas Island, and parts of tropical America
What are the different types of Ocimum?
Ocimum carnosum (Spreng.) Link & Otto ex Benth. – Mexico, South America Ocimum coddii (S.D.Williams & K.Balkwill) A.J.Paton – Northern Province of South Africa Ocimum cufodontii (Lanza) A.J.Paton – Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya Ocimum empetroides (P.A.Duvign.) ined. – Zaïre Ocimum ericoides (P.A.Duvign. & Plancke) A.J.Paton – Zaïre
What are the uses of Ocimum?
Ocimum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus . Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ocimum.