How is plaque induced gingivitis treated?
The inflammatory components of plaque induced gingivitis and chronic periodontitis can be managed effectively for the majority of patients with a plaque control program and non- surgical and/or surgical root debridement coupled with con- tinued periodontal maintenance procedures.
What is the treatment for chronic periodontitis?
Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning.
What is the treatment plan for gingivitis?
Use a mouth rinse to help reduce plaque between your teeth. Supplement brushing and flossing with an interdental cleaner, such as a dental pick, interdental brush or dental stick specially designed to clean between your teeth. Get regular professional dental cleanings on a schedule recommended by your dentist.
What is chronic gingivitis plaque-induced?
Dental plaque-induced gingivitis occurs when plaque buildup irritates a person’s gums, resulting in inflammation, discoloration, and pain. In contrast, non-plaque-induced gingival lesions can result from a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.
What is chronic periodontitis?
Chronic periodontitis is a common disease of the gums consisting of chronic inflammation of the periodontal tissues which is caused by the accumulation of large amounts of dental plaque.
How is advanced periodontitis treated?
Periodontal Therapy Procedures They include: Scaling and Root Planing. These deep-cleaning techniques are the best starting point to control gum disease. Plaque and calculus (tartar) are removed from beneath the gum tissues, using hand scalers and/or ultrasonic instruments.
What are different categories of chronic periodontitis?
Chronic periodontitis can be further classified into:
- Extent (can be either localised affecting < 30% of sites; or generalised if > 30% of sites are affected)
- Severity (slight = 1–2 mm CAL; moderate = 3–4 mm CAL; severe ≥5 mm CAL)
What is plaque induced gingivitis?
Plaque-induced gingivitis is an inflammatory response of the gingival tissues resulting from bacterial plaque accumulation located at and below the gingival margin. 6 It does not directly cause tooth loss; however, managing gingivitis is a primary preventive strategy for periodontitis.
Which medicine is best for gum infection?
Metronidazole (Flagyl): This antibiotic may be prescribed to those patients suffering from severe periodontitis. Metronidazole works best when used in a combination with amoxicillin or tetracycline. Ciprofloxacin: This antibiotic is used to specifically target A.
Which medicine is best for gingivitis?
Chlorhexidine (marketed as the prescription-only brands Peridex, PerioChip, PerioGard, and by numerous other over-the-counter trade names) is an antimicrobial used to control plaque and gingivitis in the mouth or in periodontal pockets.
Which of the following drug is used in ulcerative gingivitis?
Metronidazole has been proved to be efficacious in treating: acute ulcerative gingivitis, pericoronitis, certain periapical infections, some cases of osteomyelitis and infected socket. The drug may be of use in cases of chronic progressive periodontitis where anaerobes are implicated as pathogens.
What are signs of chronic periodontitis?
Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:
- Swollen or puffy gums.
- Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.
- Gums that feel tender when touched.
- Gums that bleed easily.
- Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing.
- Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth.
- Bad breath.
- Pus between your teeth and gums.
What is laser treatment for periodontal disease?
In periodontal laser therapy, your periodontist uses a laser to access and remove the inflamed gum tissue from around your tooth’s root. They then remove the tartar and plaque built up below and around your gumline. Next, they use a different tool to smooth out any rough spots on your tooth above and below the gumline.
What does a periodontist do for periodontal disease?
A periodontist can do a gum graft, where they take tissue, usually from the roof of your mouth, and use it to cover the receded gum line. A healthy gum line can help stop tooth decay, reduce sensitivity and pain, and improve your smile. Other surgical treatments a periodontist can perform include: Laser treatments.
Can antibiotics cure periodontal disease?
Gum disease like periodontitis or gingivitis can be treated with antibiotics, although they are not recommended as the sole treatment.