What is a cist tomb grave?
Cist definition A stone-lined grave, especially a tomb consisting of a pit lined with stones and often having a lid of stone or wood. noun. A prehistoric tomb made of stone slabs or hollowed out of rock. noun. In ancient times, a box or chest, esp.
What do mean by cist?
1. a prehistoric tomb made of stone slabs or hollowed out of rock. 2. in ancient times, a box or chest, esp. one containing sacred utensils.
What is a stone cist?
A cist (/ˈsɪst/ or /ˈkɪst/; also kist /ˈkɪst/; from Greek: κίστη, Middle Welsh Kist or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead. Examples can be found across Europe and in the Middle East.
What is a Bronze Age cist?
The cist was formed by four upright slabs which supported a capstone. Inside the cist was a human burial. The body was lying on its left side in a crouched position. With it was a pottery beaker and a bone ring. The beaker dates the burial to the Early Bronze Age.
What is associated with a shaft grave?
shaft graves, late Bronze Age (c. 1600–1450 bc) burial sites from the era in which the Greek mainland came under the cultural influence of Crete. The graves were those of royal or leading Greek families, unplundered and undisturbed until found by modern archaeologists at Mycenae.
Where does the word Dolmen come from?
The Breton word dolmen was originally used to describe the wide variety of stone monuments or, “megaliths” (meaning large stones), being discovered across the world. There is considerable diversity in those monument types, but they nevertheless share a number of common characteristics.
What is urn burial?
Definition of urn burial : burial in which a pottery vessel is used as a grave repository for the ashes and bones of the corpse.
What is a cist Archaeology?
cist, also called Stone Chest, prehistoric European coffin containing a body or ashes, usually made of stone or a hollowed-out tree; also, a storage place for sacred objects.
What was found in grave circle A?
A total of nineteen bodies – eight men, nine women, and two children – were found in the shafts. The shafts contained two to five bodies each, except for Grave II, which was a single burial.
Do your teeth burn when cremated?
Teeth usually burn up during cremation. Any tooth fragments that may be left are ground up with the bone fragments during the processing of the cremated remains.
Where is Whitehorse Hill Dartmoor?
Whitehorse Hill is situated on a remote part of northern Dartmoor on a high moorland ridge over 600 metres above sea level. In 2011 the excavation of a stone burial chamber there turned out to be the most significant archaeological discovery in over a century.
How many graves are in the grave circle B?
Grave Circle B was a grave complex located outside of the Bronze Age citadel at Mycenae. In use from around 1650-1550 BC, it enclosed 14 shaft graves and 12 cist graves. These graves were used and reused, possibly along family lines.
What were the Vapheio cups used for?
A type of Mycenaean drinking vessel, named after the find of two gold examples in a tholos burial at Vapheio, near Sparta, southern Greece. A Vapheio cup has a flat base, straight flaring sides, and a single handle. The original gold examples were decorated in relief with scenes of bulls.
What did the tholos look like?
In the Mycenaean period, tholoi were large ceremonial tombs, sometimes built into the sides of hills; they were beehive-shaped and covered by a corbeled arch. In classical Greece, the tholos at Delphi had a peristyle; the tholos in Athens, serving as a dining hall for the Athenian Senate, had no outside columns.
What happens to the cist after the burial?
After the burial the cist was covered in with earth. The chamber, no longer regarded as a habitation to be tenanted by the deceased, became simply a cist for the reception of the urn which held his ashes.
What is a cist?
A cist may have been associated with other monuments, perhaps under a cairn or long barrow. Several cists are sometimes found close together within the same cairn or barrow.
What is a cist box used for?
A cist (/ˈsɪst/ or /ˈkɪst/; also kist /ˈkɪst/; from Greek: κίστη, Middle Welsh Kist or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead.
What is a cist in Dartmoor?
Kistvaen on the southern edge of Dartmoor in Drizzlecombe (England) showing the capstone and the inner cist structure. A cist ( / ˈsɪst / or / ˈkɪst /; also kist / ˈkɪst /; from Greek: κίστη, Middle Welsh Kist or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead.