What is the contribution of French philosophers in the French Revolution?
During 18 th century , France had many revolutionary thinkers. Among them were Voltaire , Rousseau , Montesquieu and Dederot . Their revolutionary ideas helped the people to fight for their rights . (2) They exposed the inefficiency of the monarch and and his government.
What was role of philosophers in French Revolution?
➡The philosophers played an important role in the French revolution. They inspired the common mass of France with their revolutionary ideas and prepared them to fight against injustices. ➡They did not believe in the doctrine of the divine and the absolute right of the monarch.
Why was French society unfair?
The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair, the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The Church also had money, but were not required to pay taxes. This caused the third estate to demand reform.
Who were the three philosophers of French Revolution?
The philosophes (French for ‘philosophers’) were writers, intellectuals and scientists who shaped the French Enlightenment during the 18th century. The best known philosophes were Baron de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot.
How did the intellectuals influence the French Revolution?
In intellectual terms, the immediate impact of the French Revolutionary ideas was nearly invisible, but there was a long-range influence on liberal ideas and the ideal of legal equality, as well as the notion of opposition to a tyrannical government.
Why were the members of the Third Estate?
Why were members of the Third Estate dissatisfied with life under the Old Regime? The people of the Third Estate had to pay high taxes and they had little political power. The Bastille symbolized repression under the Old Regime and when it fell, it symbolized the start of reform and possibly rebellion.
Who inspired the French Revolution?
The ideas of the French Revolution were drawn from the Enlightenment, influenced by the British political system, inspired by the American Revolution and shaped by local grievances. 2. The best-known expression of French revolutionary ideas was the slogan “Liberty! Equality!
What was the role of the third estate in the French Revolution?
The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution. But the dramatic inequality in voting—the Third Estate represented more people, but only had the same voting power as the clergy or the nobility—led to the Third Estate demanding more voting power, and as things developed, more rights.