What is the Gabcikovo Nagymaros project?
It was initiated by the Budapest Treaty of 16 September 1977 between the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Hungarian People’s Republic. The project aimed at preventing catastrophic floods, improving river navigability and producing clean electricity.
Was Hungary entitled to suspend and subsequently abandon in 1989 the work on the Nagymaros project and on its part of the Gabíkovo project?
In its Judgment of 25 September 1997, the Court asserted that Hungary was not entitled to suspend and subsequently abandon, in 1989, the works on the Nagymaros project and on the part of the Gabčíkovo project for which it was responsible, and that Czechoslovakia was entitled to proceed, in November 1991, to the “ …
Why did the Hungarian government decide to abandon the dam project with Slovakia?
By 1989, the reformist Communist government of Miklos Nemeth, under popular pressure, overrode the party leadership and suspended work on the diversion dam in Hungary, citing environmental concerns. Within the year, a new democratic government scrapped the work altogether.
What is the main problem with deepening the Danube River?
They say that the works involve the cutting down of precious riverside forests, the increase in waterway traffic will adversely effect the reproduction of fish and the dredging will also destroy protected animal populations.
Where does Hungary get most of its drinking water?
- Fresh water supply from rivers. Hungary strongly depends on river outflow from other countries: 95% of the surface waters are of foreign origin (1). …
- Fresh water supply from groundwater. 75% of the total abstraction (except cooling water) is from groundwater.
- Fresh water storage in lakes and reservoirs.
Why is it so difficult for many Srebrenica Muslims to return home?
Why is it so difficult for many Srebrenican Muslims to return home? Some Srebrenica residents might have worked with war criminals. Which of the following actions would be most helpful in aiding the capture of war criminals?
How dirty is Danube?
Danube is most contaminated river in Europe According to this study, the Danube is the most polluted river with antibiotics in Europe. After taking samples from a Danubian sites in Austria, researchers found traces of up to seven antibiotics surpassing the safety threshold.
Does Gabcikovo need a dam at Nagymaros?
And instead of the peak-mode operation of Gabcikovo, which was only possible with a dam at Nagymaros, it agrees to the run-of-the-river operation of Gabcikovo, thus appearing to be resigned to this situation, which, moreover, is only too evident to the observer.
Who were the judges in the case Gabcikovo-nagumaros v Slovakia?
Gabcikovo-Nagumaros Project Hungary v. Slovakia Judgement BEFORE: President: Schwebel; Vice-President: Weeramantry; Judges: Oda, Bedjaoui, Guillaume, Ranjeva, Herczegh, Shi, Fleischhauer, Koroma, Vereshchetin, Parra-Aranguren, Kooijmans, Rezek; Judges ad hoc: Skubiszewski PermaLink:
Will the Nagymaros works be built on Czechoslovak territory?
The Nagymaros works were designed to be put into operation when the installations at Gabcikovo were operating in peak-load time. And it is apparent from the various earlier projects that, for many a year, the possibility of constructing the works on Czechoslovak territory alone had not been ruled out.
Does the construction of the Nagymaros dam violate the 1977 treaty?
In the present case, even the strictest criteria applied cumulatively prove that, as far as the construction of the Nagymaros dam is concerned, Hungary was entitled to rely on that ground precluding its responsibility for not having fulfilled one of its obligations under the 1977 Treaty.