What architectural style is the Bahrain World Trade Center?
The concept design of the Bahrain World Trade Center towers was inspired by the traditional Arabian “Wind Towers” in that the very shape of the buildings harness the unobstructed prevailing onshore breeze from the Gulf, providing a renewable source of energy for the project.
What was the structural design of the Twin Towers?
The twin towers were built as a steel tubular structural system that differed radically from other structures of that time. The exterior walls were built of closely spaced steel columns to perform as load bearing walls and the interior columns were located only in the core area containing the elevators.
What is the Bahrain World Trade Center made of?
The building superstructure, which is made of steel and concrete, makes liberal use of glass in all occupied spaces, as well as public spaces and in the skywalks between towers. The low-emissivity glass reduces solar heat gain in the interior spaces.
How was the Bahrain World Trade Center built?
It is the first skyscraper in the world to integrate wind turbines into its design. The wind turbines were developed, built and installed by the Danish company Norwin A/S….
|Bahrain World Trade Center|
Who was the architect of the Bahrain World Trade Center?
The towers were officially opened in mid-2008. Designed by the architect Atkins, the Bahrain WTC won several awards for the incorporation of renewable energy into its large-scale building design, including the 2009 NOVA Award in Innovation for integrating technology to improve quality and reduce development cost.
When was the Bahrain World Trade Centre built?
2004Bahrain World Trade Center / Construction started
How thick were the walls on the Twin Towers?
The foundation of the Twin Towers rested directly on the rock at a depth of more than 70′ below the ground surface. A slurry wall (or diaphragm wall), 3′ thick and about 80′ deep, was constructed to support the soils surrounding the basements.
What was the layout of the World Trade Center?
The twin towers were aligned with the rectangular street grid and therefore have North (N), South (S), East (E) and West (W) faces in these street-grid coordinates. … shown in Figure 1, each tower was 110 stories, with the north tower being 417 m (1368 ft) tall and the south tower being 415 m (1362 ft).
What is the purpose of Bahrain World Trade Center?
Attracting leading regional and international organizations, the BWTC is arguably Bahrain’s number one business address. It offers the perfect office space from which to establish, grow or expand your organization in the GCC region and beyond.
Why is Bahrain Trade Center Sustainable?
With sustainability being incorporated from its conception, the BWTC is the first commercial building to fully integrate large-scale wind turbines into its design. Taking advantage of its location that harnesses the sea breeze, the power generated provides up to 15% of the office towers’ electricity needs.
When was the Pixel building built?
The Pixel building is the first office building with none carbon dioxide emissions and is able to generate its own energy and water. This construction covers over 840 sq metres and was developed in 2010 by architects from the Studio505 team.
Who designed Bahrain World Trade Center?
How deep were the foundations of the twin towers?
Depth of the Twin Towers’ foundation: 70 feet To build such tall towers on landfill that had piled up onto Lower Manhattan for centuries, the towers needed exceedingly strong foundations. So engineers dug a huge rectangular hole seven stories down into the soft soil to reach bedrock.
How deep are the footings for the Twin Towers?
What are the components of a trade center?
There were four major structural subsystems in the towers: the exterior walls, the core, the floor system, and the hat truss. The major structural systems within WTC 7 were the foundation, exterior moment frames, floor system, interior columns, and column transfer trusses and girders.
Who designs Pixel building?
This building was designed by Studio 505, a local architecture and design studio, and Grocon, a local construction company in 2010. Studio 505 said “Pixel is a ‘Future Office’ – a prototype of the commercial buildings that will emerge when a carbon constrained environment demands a greater focus on energy efficiency.
Why is the Pixel building green?
Pixel has been designed to capture, filter and process rain water via its green roof and water storage systems. This volume of water, based on Melbourne’s annual average rainfall, would be sufficient for all the non-potable requirements of the building.
Was the twin towers built on landfill?
The site of the World Trade Center was located on landfill, with the bedrock located 65 feet (20 m) below grade. In order to construct the World Trade Center, it was necessary to build “The Bathtub”, with the slurry wall along the West Street side of the site, to keep water from the Hudson River out.
How deep is the foundation of World Trade Center?
The core is approximately square in footprint with a depth of about 110 feet at the base, large enough to be its own building. It houses mechanical rooms and all means of egress. The core structure is compartmentalized with additional interior shear walls in orthogonal directions.
How was the World Trade Center built?
The towers were designed as framed tube structures, which provided tenants with open floor plans, uninterrupted by columns or walls. This was accomplished using numerous closely spaced perimeter columns to provide much of the strength to the structure, along with gravity load shared with the core columns.