What is the term hard rock mining?
Definition. Hardrock mining involves uncovering and extracting non-fuel metal and mineral deposits of solid ores or eroded deposits in streambeds. Eleven common minerals mined are copper, gold, iron ore, lead, molybdenum, phosphate rock, platinum, potash, silver, uranium, and zinc.
What are the 4 stages of mining?
The mining industry operates through a sequence of stages: exploration, discovery, development, production and reclamation.
What are the 3 stages of mining?
The three major components of mining (exploration, mining, and processing) overlap somewhat. After a mineral deposit has been identified through exploration, the industry must make a considerable investment in mine development before production begins.
What is bogging in mining?
In mines which use rubber tired equipment for coarse ore removal, the ore (or “muck”) is removed from the stope (referred to as “mucked out” or “bogged”) using center articulated vehicles (referred to as boggers or LHD (Load, Haul, Dump machine)).
What is the first step of mining called?
Exploration and prospecting The beginning of any mining project begins with the exploration stage; it’s where the magic happens. Companies enlist geologists and others to understand the characteristics of the land and prospect remote areas in search of mineral deposits.
What is tunnel drift?
Drifting refers to the horizontal tunnel that is dug following, for example, an ore vein. It can, however, also be used to describe small exploratory tunnels used to investigate engineering properties of the rock mass.
What is first step of mining?
What is tailgate mining?
Gate roads are driven to the back of each panel before longwall mining begins. The gate road along one side of the block is called the maingate or headgate; the road on the other side is called the tailgate.
What is a Bell mine?
A bell pit is a primitive method of mining coal, iron ore, or other minerals lying near the surface.
What are hard rock mines?
Declines can be a spiral tunnel which circles either the flank of the deposit or circles around the deposit.
How does hard rock underground mining work?
Confined space entry
How to hard rock mine for gold?
– About Hardrock Mines – Cleanup Efforts – Cost – Priorities – Case Studies
What is ore load out in hard rock mining?
When miners find rock containing mineral ore, they first extract the rock from the earth. This can be a huge process, sometimes displacing millions of tons of dirt. The rock is then crushed by powerful machinery. Metal is extracted from the crushed ore by one of two major methods: smelting or electrolysis.