What was a political system in which powerful lords owned most of the land and gave Nobles some land in exchange for military service?
Feudalism. Feudalism was the medieval model of government predating the birth of the modern nation-state. Feudal society is a military hierarchy in which a ruler or lord offers mounted fighters a fief (medieval beneficium), a unit of land to control in exchange for a military service.
What is a political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands?
A city-state is a political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands. The city-state of Athens developed the first democracy, a government in which the people rule.
What is a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name?
Representative democracy is a form of democracy in which people vote for representatives who then vote on policy initiatives; as opposed to direct democracy, a form of democracy in which people vote on policy initiatives directly.
Is a representative law making body whose members?
A representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed in which legislative and executive functions are combined. An autonomous political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands. A government in which citizens elect representatives to rule on their behalf.
What was the system of feudalism?
Feudal society is a military hierarchy in which a ruler or lord offers mounted fighters a fief (medieval beneficium), a unit of land to control in exchange for a military service. The individual who accepted this land became a vassal, and the man who granted the land become known as his liege or his lord.
What is feudalism based on?
Feudalism was the system in 10th-13th century European medieval societies where a social hierarchy was established based on local administrative control and the distribution of land into units (fiefs).
What type of government was the Athens?
Where was the birthplace of democracy?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government.
Who makes the law in India?
The laws of India are made by the union government for the whole country and by the state governments for their respective states as well as by local municipal councils and districts.
What is feudal aristocracy?
Aristocracy vs Feudalism “Aristocracy” referred to a form of government where the best citizen or the most-deserving citizen ruled, and “feudalism” referred to a form of government where a reciprocal system worked in which the warrior nobility protected the vassals in return for their services.
What is a feudal monarchy?
(fyo͞od′l-ĭz′əm) n. 1. A political and economic system of Europe from the 9th to about the 15th century, based on the holding of all land in fief or fee and the resulting relation of lord to vassal and characterized by homage, legal and military service of tenants, and forfeiture.
What is a monarchy in ancient Greece?
Monarchy: One Person Inherits Power From about 200 to 800 B.C.E., a monarchy, or king, ruled most of Greek city-states. In a monarchy, the governing power is in the hands of one individual, usually a king. Greek settlements did not allow queens to govern. Initially, the people of a Greek city-state chose the kings.
What is the Greek government called?
Government of Greece (officially: Government of the Hellenic Republic; also Greek Government or Hellenic Government) is the government of the Third Hellenic Republic, reformed to its present form in 1974. The head of government is the Prime Minister of Greece.