What are the 9 common hazards of bulk cargo on ships?
The IMSBC code lists the following cargoes as potentially oxygen depleting: coal, direct reduced iron, sponge iron, sulphide concentrates, ammonium nitrate-based fertilisers, linted cottonseed. Various gaseous products are formed including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide and hydrocarbons.
What are the hazards of bulk cargo?
Carrying solid bulk cargoes involves serious risks, which must be managed carefully to safeguard the crew and the ship. These risks include reduced ship stability, and even capsizing, due to cargo liquefaction; fire or explosion due to chemical hazards; and damage to ship structures due to poor loading procedures.
What is Solas Chapter XII?
SOLAS Chapter XII Additional Safety Measures for Bulk Carriers. Following a spate of losses of bulk carriers in the early 1990s, IMO in November 1997 adopted new regulations in SOLAS containing specific safety requirements for bulk carriers, Chapter XII – Additional Safety Measures for Bulk Carriers.
Why are there separate chapters for bulk carrier in Solas?
In order to enhance safety of bulk carriers Chapter provides detailed regulations and compliance requirements regarding: Damage stability giving guidance on cargo density and be able to withstand flooding incase flooding in any one cargo hold.
What is the purpose of Blu code?
The Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Code) was developed with the aim of preventing accidents or loss of ships carrying solid bulk cargoes as a result of improper loading and unloading practices.
What is the important thing to consider during bulk cargo operation?
Give special attention to under deck cargo operations inside the cargo hold. Ensure safe keeping and safe removal of hatch covers without damage to ship’s superstructure. If any cargo operation is not complying with the cargo plans, it needs to be checked with the foreman or the planner.
What is Section 10 of Imsbc code?
The master of a ship carrying wastes in bulk must ensure that the wastes are stowed, handled, segregated, carried and transported in compliance with section 10 of the IMSBC Code. The master of a ship who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 2 years.
How many annex are in SOLAS?
The current SOLAS Convention includes Articles setting out general obligations, amendment procedure and so on, followed by an Annex divided into 14 Chapters.
What is ship Shore safety Checklist?
Appropriate personal notified that the cargo operation are about to commence. Sufficient personal available for cargo watch to manifold. Warning notified displaces no smoking & no naked light. Fire application ready for immediate used. Mooring tight and emergency towing wire correct positioned.
What is Blu in ship?
The Code of Practice for the Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk Carriers (BLU Code) was developed with the aim of preventing accidents or loss of ships carrying solid bulk cargoes as a result of improper loading and unloading practices. The Code was adopted by the Assembly in November 1997 by resolution A. 862(20).
What is cargo safety?
Safety of cargo involves safe packaging of cargo in containers, prevention of tampering of the cargo container and safely transporting of the container to its final destination. The shipper is responsible for the packaging and labelling of the cargo to protect the contents from damage during transportation.
What are the safety precautions in ship?
Personal protective equipment includes safety helmets, shoes, goggles, ear-muffs, safety harness, life-jackets, life rafts, etc., which is used to safeguard the individual seafarer from any harm. This equipment is mandatory for ships to ensure that there are no fatalities due to lack of life-saving appliances.
What is trimming means in Imsbc?
Trimming a cargo reduces the likelihood of the cargo shifting and minimizes the air entering the cargo. Air entering the cargo could lead to spontaneous heating. To minimize these risks, cargoes shall be trimmed reasonably level, as necessary.
What is Bunker checklist?
Bunkering Checklist. Measures the content / volume of oil in each tank. Prepare tanks for the bunkering operation. Vessel to be securely docked or bunker barge be moored successfully. All Pipelines be lined up.
What is bulk carrier safety?
IMO WEB ACCOUNTS Bulk Carrier Safety Home Our Work Safety Bulk Carrier Safety Bulk carriers were developed in the 1950s to carry large quantities of non-packed commodities such as grains, coal and iron ore. Some 5,000 bulk carriers trade around the world, providing a crucial service to world commodities’ transportation.
What are the safety regulations for bulk carriers under SOLAS?
Following a spate of losses of bulk carriers in the early 1990s, IMO in November 1997 adopted new regulations in SOLAS containing specific safety requirements for bulk carriers, Chapter XII-Additional Safety Measures for Bulk Carriers.
What has the MSC done to improve bulk carrier safety?
In December 2002, at its 76th session, the MSC adopted amendments to SOLAS chapter XII and the 1988 Load Lines Protocol and also agreed to a number of recommendations to further improve bulk carrier safety.
What is the purpose of the Code of bulk cargo safety?
The Code highlights the dangers associated with the shipment of certain types of bulk cargoes; gives guidance on various procedures which should be adopted; lists typical products which are shipped in bulk; gives advice on their properties and how they should be handled; and describes various test procedures which should be employed to determine…